Communication & Swallowing


Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to language centers of the brain. As a result, individuals who were previously able to communicate through speaking, listening, reading and writing become more limited in their ability to do so.

Aphasia vs. Apraxia
At times, it may be difficult to identify which of these conditions a survivor is dealing with, particularly since it is possible for them to be present at the same time.

Auditory Overload
Many skills are needed to translate sounds into meaningful language. Sometimes sounds become overwhelming, and our brains can’t decipher meaningful speech from noise.

Dysarthria (slurred speech)
Dysarthria can affect the precision of speech sounds (pronunciation), the quality and loudness of the voice, and the ability to speak at a normal rate with normal intonation.

Swallowing (dysphagia)
A swallowing disorder called dysphagia often occurs as a result of stroke. Dysphagia may occur in up to 65 percent of stroke patients. If not identified and managed, it can lead to poor nutrition, pneumonia and increased disability.

Working on Recovery

Assistive Technology for Communication
As computer technology has become more ef´Čücient and less costly, an increasing variety of hardware and software options are available that can help people recovering from stroke.

Rehab for Reading
Stroke often produces reading difficulties. This “acquired dyslexia” or “alexia” may occur with or without other language challenges and even when writing ability is intact.

Constraint Induced Language Therapy for Aphasia
Constraint-induced therapies (CIT) have received a good deal of attention in the popular press recently. Recently these same CIT principles have been applied to aphasia rehabilitation.

Personal Stories

Poor Thing by Judith Russo, Caregiver
My husband had a stroke in February 2000, which left him with Broca's aphasia. Do you know what Broca's aphasia is?

Communication & Swallowing Resources
Links to organizations and resources for helping people with communication and swallowing disorders that may be brought on by a stroke. more